USAID Spends $89.7 Million Finding Jobs for 55 Afghan Women

'It is unclear whether the agency can deliver the opportunities it promised the women of Afghanistan'

Afghan women walk with their children / Getty Images
September 13, 2018

A federal government program to promote gender equality in Afghanistan and help women find employment is costing taxpayers over $200 million but has only found jobs for 55 women.

The United States Agency for International Development program promised to "empower 75,000 women" but so far has shown little progress, according to a new report released by the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR).

"It is unclear whether the agency can deliver the opportunities it promised the women of Afghanistan," the inspector general said.

The USAID program, Promoting Gender Equity in National Priority Programs, or Promote, is a five-year $216 million effort. USAID has spent $89.7 million in three years but "has not demonstrated whether the program has made progress" toward its goals.

Promote is USAID's "largest single investment to advance women globally" and was tasked with helping over 2,000 Afghan women find jobs. The program has reached 2.6 percent of its goal.

"An end-of-program performance indicator target for one component is for 2,100 women to find new or better employment with the Afghan government," the inspector general said. "As of September 2017, USAID said 55 women did."

A 2017 goal of the program was to help 420 women find new or better employment, enroll 1,968 women in the internship program, and have 900 program graduates. By halfway through the year, Promote had only found new or better employment for 39 women, or 9.2 percent of its goal.

The target for enrollment in internships fell 1,000 women short. Just 132 women had graduated.

USAID said the Promote program is part of building a "brighter future for Afghanistan" by elevating women in society.

"In the Transformation Decade (2015-2024), a new generation of Afghan leaders—both men and women—will emerge who are equipped with the education, skills, and desire to build a brighter future for Afghanistan," USAID said. "Promote is a joint commitment by the U.S. and Afghan Governments that will work to empower 75,000 women between the ages of 18-30 and help ensure these women are included among a new generation of Afghan political, business, and civil society leaders."

"Promote aims to empower women to become leaders alongside their male counterparts, and ensure they have the skills, experience, knowledge, and networks to succeed," the government added. "USAID has committed $216 million to fund the program, making it the largest women's empowerment project in the U.S. Government's history. Other international donors are able to contribute an additional $200 million to help expand the program."

The inspector general said no other country or organization has donated to the program, other than the United States.

"As of January 2018, no international donors had contributed funding to Promote," the inspector general said. "Officials from five of the seven donor countries SIGAR spoke to said they cannot financially contribute to the Promote program or that USAID's assumption that foreign donors would contribute $200 million for the program was an unrealistic goal."

In addition to falling well below its job targets, the future of the program is also in doubt, as Afghanistan is unlikely to continue the program without the United States.

"USAID/Afghanistan told SIGAR it does not expect the Afghan government to sustain Promote," the inspector general said. "This raises questions about whether Promote is sustainable at all and could put USAID's investment in the program in jeopardy."

The inspector general recommended USAID should reevaluate the program before spending its remaining taxpayer-funded budget.

"Given that the program has expended $89.7 of its potential $216 million, USAID has an opportunity to reassess and adjust the program and take steps to enhance its sustainability now, rather than waiting until the program is over in 2020 or 2021," the inspector general said.