A Democratic History of Ancient Greece

Temple of Olympian Zeus

Alexis de Tocqueville observed that historians writing in aristocratic ages tend to emphasize the role of great individuals and of chance, while historians who write in democratic eras are “not only prone to assign a great cause to every incident, but they are also given to connect incidents together, so as to deduce a system from them.” Alexis de Tocqueville, it is fair to say, had Josiah Ober and his colleagues figured.